If this was a challenge in the past, it is becoming even more of a problem now, thanks to the ubiquitous technology that lies on the palms and laps of students, to which they are attracted like moths to a light. Two essays at two different places both address this same issue: Can students who are constantly on their devices actually learn? asks one, and the other essay's author has a simple bottom-line to students: Welcome, freshmen. Look at me when I talk to you.
The two authors are no Luddites--they even teach classes with and about technology. I too--with all my use of technology in my personal and professional life--am no Luddite. From what we see in the classroom, we fear the impact of technology on student learning.
The problem is their use of technology in general. Technology demands a significant amount of time and attention and has conditioned them to not question it. It takes up more and more of their bandwidth, and the net effect is lobotomising.Even in the old days, we faced a challenge in making sure that students understood concepts and picked up skills that they would build on from one class to another. Now, it is worse. Because, most of the time, students think they are getting a lot done by juggling one too many things at the same time--multitasking--when the evidence is otherwise.
Consumed by technology that they cannot bear to disable or ignore, my students lose awareness of what’s going on around them. They don’t know what they’ve missed – often, they don’t know that they’ve missed anything. They’re still accountable for it, but such mindlessness has become an epidemic
An even bigger problem is the way that technology damages critical-thinking skills.Critical thinking does not come naturally to an overwhelming majority of us. We have to work on gaining that skill, which we do in many different ways. Googling ad nauseam ain't a substitute; focused attention is needed, but that's exactly what is missing too.
This blog by itself is an example of digital technology providing immense opportunities for learning, but "they also present dangers, which we should explain when digital natives arrive on campus." Most educators do not discuss these dangers with students. New student orientation is all about alcohol, drugs, safe space, trigger warnings, sex, free condoms, how to wipe one's butt, ... everything except the very reason why the freshmen are there in the first place: Learning!
Some frightening data suggests that habitual computer activity, especially on social media, hampers our social and emotional development, particularly our ability to empathize with others. Clifford Nass saw this firsthand while serving as a dorm adviser at Stanford, where he urged students to turn off their devices and converse directly with one another.As I have often blogged about, empathy is one of the most valuable and important aspects of what it means to be human. Empathy can't be Googled. Online, one can be anonymous and easily be the least empathetic low-life douchebag ever. Harshness and bullying are de rigueur in the cyberworld!
"We’ve got to make face-to-face time sacred," Nass told a Stanford audience in 2013, a few months before he died, "and we have to bring back the saying we used to hear all the time and now never hear: ‘Look at me when I talk to you.’ "
It’s hard to know why our colleges have been so slow to share this information with our students.
Empathy has to be experienced and learnt in the real life, by engaging with real people. But, higher education increasingly fails at this.
Our students won’t learn much of that by sitting in front of their screens.And thus I begin another academic year. Maybe even more students (and faculty and administrators too) will get highly irritated with me for not going with the flow and asking for more money. But, I need to continue with my approach that keeps my blood pressure low and lets me sleep well--so that I can exit healthily ;)
And they won’t learn nearly as much in college — from one another or from us — if they’re living online. That’s not an opinion; it’s a fact. Hiding it from our students is worse than embarrassing, to our profession and ourselves. It’s malpractice.