Thursday, July 02, 2015

The robots are coming, the robots are coming. Wait, they are already here!

"I just got this. You can read it first" the friend said.

What was it?  This magazine:

The OCD behavior of this professional academic manifests via reading and then blogging, so here I am ;)

I scanned through the content for this special on robots.  Familiar names in plenty and familiar ideas. I have already bombarded you with those names and ideas.  And will continue to do so unless and until the evidence convinces me that my understanding is incorrect.

What fascinated me the most was an essay about "the coming robot dystopia" by, get this, a "Professor of Robotics at The Robotics Institute of Carnegie Mellon University."  One of them robotics experts worrying about the coming dystopia!  I will not go into details of the essay, primarily because I want you read all that.  Instead, I want to focus on a bottom-line:
Robotic technologies that collect, interpret, and respond to massive amounts of real-world data on behalf of governments, corporations, and ordinary people will unquestionably advance human life. But they also have the potential to produce dystopian outcomes. We are hardly on the brink of the nightmarish futures conjured by Hollywood movies such as The Matrix or The Terminator, in which intelligent machines attempt to enslave or exterminate humans. But those dark fantasies contain a seed of truth: the robotic future will involve dramatic tradeoffs, some so significant that they could lead to a collective identity crisis over what it means to be human.
You see, that professor with immensely valued credentials delivers the same bottom-line that I harp on all the time: we need to understand what it means to be human, what it means to belong to humankind.  Unfortunately,
How robots interact with people depends to a great deal on how much their creators know or care about such issues, and robot creators tend to be engineers, programmers, and designers with little training in ethics, human rights, privacy, or security. In the United States, hardly any of the academic engineering programs that grant degrees in robotics require the in-depth study of such fields.
Again, no different from what I have been yelling about for years.  For decades, ever since it became clear to me that humans were not made for machines.  If only people listened to me!

Anyway, back to the expert:
A clear set of decisions about robot design and regulation stand between today’s world of human agency and tomorrow’s world of robot autonomy. Inventors must begin to combine technological ingenuity with sociological awareness, and governments need to design institutions and processes that will help integrate new, artificial agents into society. Today, all civil engineers are required to study ethics because an incorrectly designed bridge can cause great public harm. Roboticists face this same kind of responsibility today, because their creations are no longer mere academic pursuits.
Even at the small little university where I teach, computer science students are not advised to take courses in the humanities and the social sciences.  In fact, the advise students get makes them think that these courses are unnecessary hurdles that keep them from focusing on, well, computer science!  One brave computer science student is working on a thesis with me as her adviser.  Because, she is worried about some of the issues in society.  During one of our conversations a few weeks ago, I asked her if the computer science curriculum included any mandatory course on ethics.  Of course not. But, we faculty are good at shenanigans.  So, the catalog lists a course on ethical aspects of computer science but she has no idea when, if at all, that course is ever offered!

Read all the essays in the magazine, if the website grants you the access.

And then come back and tell me whether there was any argument in any one of those essays that contradicts anything that I have authored here in this blog--I want to feel good because the future is dystopian ;)


Ramesh said...

A familiar theme in your blog and thankfully not as morbid as one other favourite theme :)

Yes, you are right to raise concern about the direction and pace in which automation and dependence on machines is taking place. Yes, it is right that you should plead for a more rounded education for those trying to become geeks. Ethics should be compulsory exploratory course for virtually any branch of study - for eg it is even more important in the business world or in the world of medicine. The issue which you touch upon - the comp-lete loss of privacy , distresses me no end. George Orwell got it a bit wrong. It has not been a tyrannical government that has brought things to this pass; it is us , almost voluntarily.

But doomsday ??? No. I think there is a "end of the world fascination gene" in all of us !!!

Anne in Salem said...

Yes, the robots worry me, but I want to comment on a different topic mentioned slightly: "computer science students are not advised to take courses in the humanities and the social sciences."

I came home late from work and had already read the comics for the day, which is my usual routine when the kids are not here. As such I turned on the television to an old sitcom and half-listened. The same ad ran twice for a medical degree program called Everest, I think. One student says she chose Everest because they don't make her take a lot of classes she doesn't need, the way a typical college would. I shook my head in disbelief. All those "unnecessary" classes are so necessary to life, to being a productive citizen, an interesting person. How can literature and history and math and art history and economics be unnecessary? That student and her fellow classmates have the potential for boring lives if they don't take the time to learn about all those other fields!

Sriram Khé said...

Ramesh, "business ethics" is an oxymoron ... muahahahaha ;)
I find it bizarre that the professions do not drill into their best and brightest the need to understand and implement ethical practices. A mere one course in the curriculum is not how it can be done, but requires a set of courses ... oh, wait, we have it and is called "liberal education" ... but, oh, wait, everybody is ready to discredit liberal education :(

And that discrediting of liberal education is what Anne saw in the ad that she refers to. it is not merely the boring lives but the near-certainty that they will be doing their part to further diminish our collective identity as humans ... if only people will understand that life is not merely about how much they earn and how many toys they own to entertain themselves :(

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